Transition to turbulence in randomly arranged porous media is observed in nature and industrial applications. The flow characteristics of these flows during transition are not well identified. This work describes the parameters influencing on overall mixing during the transition process from the perspective of scale of vortical structures and dispersion characteristics by addressing the following questions: (a) what are the dominant mechanisms evolution of scale of vortices, and (b) how does the inertial effects of vortical structures enhance the flow transport properties through tortuosity and dispersion. Time-resolved PIV is used to investigate the flow in the macro-scale Reynolds numbers from 100 to 1000 to show the pore- versus macro-scale effects on the scale of the flow dispersion, and their contribution in interpreting the overall flow mixing. Lagrangian mixing characteristics based on Eulerian local pore velocity variances is used to demonstrate the bed characteristics for flow in randomly distributed porous media flows. The dispersion asymptotically approaches 0.085 % of VintDH longitudinally which shows the turbulent transport is increased by enhancing the Reynolds number that matches very well with the literature.

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