Flight vehicles traveling at supersonic or hypersonic speeds are vulnerable to the onset of surface roughness, which can result in changes in the state of the boundary layer, ultimately affecting the performance of the vehicle. While the majority of the wetted surface area of a vehicle is relatively smooth, every vehicle will contain roughness on some level. The concept of similarity between smooth- and rough-wall flows is of great practical importance as most computational and analytical modeling tools rely on it either explicitly or implicitly in predicting flows over rough walls. While a number of important questions have yet to be answered, significant progress has been made in the understanding of flows over rough surfaces in recent years. This paper will be conducting numerical research in rough-wall-bounded turbulent flows in supersonic regimes. Wall-modeled Large Eddy Simulation (WMLES) on a flat plate with various roughness ratios will be conducted at M = 2 to evaluate the boundary layer responses. These responses will be characterized in ensemble averaged mean velocity characteristics as well as turbulent intensity responses through the Reynolds Stresses. The second goal is to characterize the streamwise development of mechanical distortions in the domain. In addition, the near-wall coherent structures will be analyzed to determine the impact of roughness effects. The mean and turbulent statistics scaled by the roughness friction velocity will be compared to other results.

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