Abstract

Predicting aerodynamic forces on bluff bodies remains to be a challenging task due to the unpredictable flow behavior, specifically at higher Reynolds numbers. Experimental approaches to determine aerodynamic coefficients could be costly and time consuming. In the meantime, use of numerical techniques could also require a considerable computational cost and time depending on complexity of the flow behavior. The research focusses on developing an effective deep learning technique to predict aerodynamic force coefficients acting on elliptical bluff bodies for a given aspect ratio and given flow condition. Collecting data for drag and lift coefficients of several aspect ratios for flow conditions starting from onset of vortex shredding to verge of subcritical region is conducted by an accurate full order model. The specified region will provide a transient flow behavior and thus lift coefficient will be represented in terms of root mean square value and drag coefficient in terms of a mean value. With variations in flow behavior and vortex shredding frequencies, it requires to select an appropriate turbulence model, optimum discretization of fluid domain and time step to obtain an accurate result. Flow simulations are conducted primarily using Unsteady Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes Equations (URANS) model and Detached Eddy Simulations (DES) model. Effectiveness in using different turbulence models for specified flow regimes are also explored in comparison to available experimental results. At lower Reynolds numbers, aerodynamic force coefficients for a specified body will only depend on Reynolds number. But after a certain specific Reynolds number, aerodynamic forces are dependent on the Mach number in addition to Reynolds number. Therefore, for higher Reynolds numbers, aerodynamic force coefficients are recorded for multiple Mach numbers with same Reynolds number and will be fed to the neural network. With the development of the machine learning and neural network modelling, many of the fields have nourished and created effective and efficient technologies to ease complex functions and activities. Our goal is to ease the complexity in the computational fluid dynamic field with a deep neural network tool created to predict drag and lift coefficient of elliptical bluff bodies for a given aspect ratio with an acceptable accuracy level. Researchers have developed deep neural network tools to predict various flow conditions and have succeeded with sufficient accuracy and a satisfying reduction of computational cost. In our proposed deep learning neural network, we have chosen to model the network with inputs as the geometry setup and the flow conditions with validated drag and lift coefficients. The model will extract the necessary flow features into filters with the convolution operation performed on the inputs. Our main directive is to create a deep learned neural network tool to predict the target values within an acceptable range of accuracy while minimizing the computation cost.

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