Abstract

Shrouding a wind turbine inside a duct can significantly augment its power and energy output by increasing the mass flow rate through the rotor and decreasing the cut-in speed. Whether this is an advantage in a turbine array depends on the wake recovery behavior and how this compares to open wind turbines. Axisymmetric CFD simulations using the Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes equations with a k–ω SST turbulence closure were used to compare the wake behavior of open and ducted wind turbines. For both cases, the rotor blades were modeled using an actuator disc. Simulations of open wind turbines revealed significant sensitivity of the wake behavior to the mean turbulence intensity at the rotor. Better agreement with experimental data for the far wake was obtained when the turbulence intensity at the rotor was comparable to values measured experimentally. It was observed that compared to an open wind turbine with similar power output, a DWT has a significantly slower wake recovery. This was attributed to the extra momentum deficit of the wake due to the drag force on the duct.

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