Abstract

Large-eddy simulations (LES) of incompressible turbulent boundary-layer flows can simulate a fundamental unsteady turbulent flow, including time-variant streamwise and wall-normal velocity as well as the near-wall locations of significant turbulence intensities. A typical illustration of turbulent flows with such high Reynolds numbers can be roughly approximated to atmospheric boundary-layer flows. To bypass the demanding mesh criteria of near-ground field and direct numerical simulations, we adopt a virtual-wall model with a stretched-vortex subgrid-scale model. We simulate the dynamics of solid particles in this wall-modeled LES approach toward incompressible flow. The particles considered are both charged and uncharged, and have a fixed concentration profile with no fluctuations at the inflow. An extended streamwise simulation domain is implemented as an alternative to rerunning the simulation with a turbulent inflow profile from the simulation of the previous downstream profile. By extending the streamwise domain, the fluctuation dynamics of the particles reach a steady state far downstream from the inflow. The streamwise and altitude variation of the particle parameters are compared for various particle-concentration inflow profiles. Furthermore, an estimate of the streamwise variation of parameters is also observed. This study is the first step towards enhancing our understanding of the particle dynamics in turbulent flows.

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