Abstract

The lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) is used to simulate blood flows in cerebral aneurysms and the effects of the outflow boundary condition on predictions are studied. The LBM utilizes the D3Q19 discrete velocity model, the multiple-relaxation time collision operator (MRT), and the interpolated bounce-back rule to treat complex aneurysm shapes. Flow characteristics in regions of a large fluctuation in the wall shear stress (WSS) were then investigated using the LBM to understand the relation between the flow structure and the aneurysm wall remodeling. As a result the following conclusions were obtained under the present range of the numerical condition: (1) even with significant changes in the flow rate distributions at outflow boundaries, the WSS in an aneurysm is not much affected if the boundaries are far from the aneurysm, and (2) the geometry of an aneurysm and the main artery largely affects the formation of large WSS fluctuation regions, which may thickens the aneurysm wall due to inflammation-induced wall remodeling.

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