The present paper presents some experimental and numerical modeling of the Newtonian and viscoelastic flows in bifurcated configurations of pipes, for stationary and non-permanent regimes. The main purpose of this study is to select an optimal design of the pipes ramifications, for minimizing the local pressure losses and to improve the efficiency of fluid transportation. The method is based on the transformation of the flow field obtained with particle image visualization technique, for different Reynolds numbers. Based on experimental results will be established optimum geometry of the ramifications. The results will be used as the boundary conditions for numerical modeling. The experimental measurements were performed into a closed circuit of pipes, with different diameters, consisting of a centrifugal pump supplied by a tank, sensors for estimating the pressure losses and devices for measuring the flow rate. It is detailed presented in a dedicated paragraph. The main pipe is connected to a transparent bifurcation with branches at different angles from the main pipe axis. The measurements illustrate that the flow has different aspects, depending on the bifurcation’s angle. The numerical simulations are performed with Fluent CFD based on the volume numerical method, to obtain the Navier-Stokes solutions for the Newtonian model in the laminar or turbulent flow conditions. A pre-processor has been used to create the geometry of the bifurcation and to generate the mesh. The 3D-flow domain contains 944390 volumes, tetrahedral hybrid. It was obtained the numerical solutions of the fluid flow in branching pipes for the Reynolds numbers from 1000 up to 40000. The governing equations were assumed from the k-ε model for turbulence flow, the equation of continuity, equation of fluid motion, and the transport equation. Finally, some conclusions and references are presented.

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