In this study, a numerical study has been performed on the two-phase heat transfer of a new nanostructured heat transfer fluid: Water-in-Polyalphaolefin (PAO) Nanoemulsion Fluid inside a mini-channel heat exchanger using ANSYS FLUENT. Nanoemulsion fluids are liquid suspensions of nanosized droplets, which are part of a broad class of colloidal dispersions. The nanoemulsion fluid can be formed spontaneously by self-assembly, in which these nanodroplets are in fact swollen micelles. To simplify the complexity of the numerical model, the nanoemulsion fluid was then treated as a homogenous fluid during single-phase and only the water vaporizes during the phase change. The volume of fraction (VOF) model with Pressure-Velocity coupling based Semi Implicit Method for Pressure Linked Equations (SIMPLE) iterative algorithm is employed to solve the continuity, momentum, energy equations in two dimensional domains. The thermophysical properties of the nanoemulsion fluid were measured and used for the current simulation. The results were verified using the experimental results and has shown good agreement. This study has demonstrated the feasibility of simplyig the simulation of flow boiling heat transfer of this new heat transfer fluid through treating it as a homogenous fluid during single-phase convective heat transfer and separating the vapor phase of the nano-micelles during flow boiling. This study has also shown that this Water-in-PAO nanoemulsion could function as a good and alternative conventional working fluid in heat transfer applications.
- Fluids Engineering Division
A Numerical Study of Flow Boiling Heat Transfer of Nanoemulsion in Mini-Channel Heat Exchanger
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Xu, J, Acar, M, Poudel, N, Rios, J, & Tran, TN. "A Numerical Study of Flow Boiling Heat Transfer of Nanoemulsion in Mini-Channel Heat Exchanger." Proceedings of the ASME 2018 5th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting. Volume 2: Development and Applications in Computational Fluid Dynamics; Industrial and Environmental Applications of Fluid Mechanics; Fluid Measurement and Instrumentation; Cavitation and Phase Change. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. July 15–20, 2018. V002T16A004. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2018-83396
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