This paper examines safety concerns related to flame speeds when warm relief gas snuffs out the pilot at the flare stack and pulls in ambient air and a spark ignites the vapor in the header. The flame speed essentially determines if the propagating flame speed is a deflagration or a detonation based on whether its subsonic or supersonic. While pipes are sized for deflagrations, they need to be analyzed and tested for detonation pressures and temperatures. Transient CFD calculations help determine the flame speeds, deflagration to detonation transition, pressures and temperatures are compared to pipe specifications and help determine if a detonation leads to a Loss of Containment and suggests mitigations.

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