The flow and spray parameters can have noticeable roles in heavy fuel oil (HFO) spray finesse. As known, the interaction between droplets and cross flow should be considered carefully in many different industrial applications such as the process burners and gas turbine combustors. So, it would be so important to investigate the effect of injecting HFO into a crossflow more subtly. In this work, the effects of various flow and spray parameters on the droplet breakup and dispersion parameters are investigated numerically using the finite-volume-element method. The numerical method consists of a number of different models to predict the droplets breakup and their dispersion into a cross flow including the spray-turbulence interaction one. An Eulerian–Lagrangian approach, which suitably models the interaction between the droplets and turbulence, and also models the droplets secondary breakup is used to investigate the interactions between the flow and the droplet behaviors. After validating the computational method via comparing them with the data provided by the past researches, four test cases with varying swirl number, air axial velocity, droplet size, and fuel injection velocity are examined to find out the effects of preceding parameters on some spray characteristics including the droplets path, sauter mean diameter (SMD), and dispersed phase mass concentration. The results show that the droplets inertia and the flow velocity magnitude have significant effects on spray characteristics. As the droplets become more massive, the deflection of spray in flow direction becomes less. Also, increasing of flow velocity causes more deflection for sprays with the same droplet sizes.

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