Gas Carry-Under (GCU) is one of the two undesirable phenomena that occurs in the GLCC©1 (Gas-Liquid Cylindrical Cyclone) separators. Initial studies have shown that maintaining liquid level below the inlet of the GLCC© under control configuration affects the GCU in GLCC©. Also, it has been hypothesized that effective formation of vortex that is formed in the lower part of the GLCC©, or a stable gas core enhances the separation of gas entrained in the liquid. However, there has not been a systematic study on the effect of liquid level and the stability of the vortex on the GCU. This detailed and extensive experimental study attempts to fill that gap, investigating the effect of different liquid levels maintained below the inlet on the GCU. These studies are performed under the NOC (Normal operating Conditions) below the OPEN for liquid carry-over using control configuration to maintain the liquid level in the GLCC©. This study focuses on measuring the cumulative GCU in the liquid leg of the GLCC© over a period of time. The experimental investigations for GCU are conducted in a state of the art experimental facility for air-water and air-oil flow incorporating pressure and level control configurations. The experiments were carried out using a 3″ diameter GLCC© equipped with gas trap sections to measure simultaneously the GCU in the liquid leg of the GLCC©. The equilibrium liquid level is controlled at 4 different settings starting at 6″ below the GLCC© inlet and increasing to 2 feet below the inlet. It has been observed that the liquid level has tremendous effect on the complex swirling flow behavior in the lower part of the GLCC© and vortex stability, which in turn affects the GCU in the liquid leg of the GLCC©. Also, it has been noted that the liquid level has a significant effect on the Gas Void-Fraction in the liquid leg of the GLCC©, which is a critical parameter for multiphase pump operations.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.