Downburst is an anti-tornado system with a slow rotating column of air slowly descending towards the ground which occurs due to the sudden downfall of air and precipitation generated from the cumulonimbus cloud. This natural event produces a strong downdraft which induces an outburst of damaging winds on or near the ground. This radially divergent wind with high velocity transpires when descending air strikes the ground which can cause immense damage to the ground mounted objects and structures.
This paper discusses the wind flow characteristics of downbursts produced in the Wind Engineering, Energy and Environment (WindEEE) Dome at Western University, Canada. Downdraft diameter and speed were varied to produce several downbursts like flow. Point measurements using Cobra probes and surface measurements using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) were performed to analyze the wind flow field in detail. Instantaneous downburst wind speeds were decomposed into slowly varying mean and residual fluctuations for different averaging time. Velocity profile with height from WindEEE was compared with previous experiments and full scale data.