In this contribution, an optimization study based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in combination with Stratford’s analytical separation criterion was developed for the design of piece-wise conical contraction zones. The occurrence of flow separation can be formally described by a newly introduced dimensionless separation number. In the optimization process, the risk of flow separation is reduced by minimizing this separation number. It was found that the optimized piece-wise conical nozzle shape did not correspond to a simple geometric approximation of the ideal polynomial shape. In fact, it was beneficial to reduce the deflection in the outlet region for a piece-wise conical nozzle stronger than for a conventional one. In order to validate the new design method, large-scale tests for different nozzle designs were conducted. The measured velocity profiles and wall pressure distributions agreed well with the CFD predictions. The new method was applied for designing the contraction zone of a new closed-loop organic vapor wind tunnel (CLOWT) working at elevated pressure levels.
- Fluids Engineering Division
Optimization of Piece-Wise Conical Nozzles: Theory and Application
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Hasselmann, K, Bin Khamalrudin, MA, aus der Wiesche, S, & Kenig, EY. "Optimization of Piece-Wise Conical Nozzles: Theory and Application." Proceedings of the ASME 2018 5th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting. Volume 1: Flow Manipulation and Active Control; Bio-Inspired Fluid Mechanics; Boundary Layer and High-Speed Flows; Fluids Engineering Education; Transport Phenomena in Energy Conversion and Mixing; Turbulent Flows; Vortex Dynamics; DNS/LES and Hybrid RANS/LES Methods; Fluid Structure Interaction; Fluid Dynamics of Wind Energy; Bubble, Droplet, and Aerosol Dynamics. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. July 15–20, 2018. V001T03A003. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2018-83055
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