An aneurysm is an abnormal growth in the wall of a weakened blood vessel, and can often be fatal upon rupture. Studies have shown that aneurysm shape and hemodynamics, in conjunction with other parameters, play an important role in growth and rupture. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of varying inflow conditions on flow structures in an aneurysm. An idealized rigid sidewall aneurysm model was prepared and the Womersley number (α) and Reynolds number (Re) values were varied from 2 to 5 and 50 to 250, respectively. A ViVitro Labs pump system was used for inflow control and Particle Image Velocimetry was used for conducting velocity measurements. The results showed that the primary vortex path varied with an increase in α, while an increase in Re was correlated to the vortex strength and formation of secondary vortical structures. The evolution and decay of vortical structures were also observed to be dependent on α and Re.
- Fluids Engineering Division
Experimental Study of Large-Scale Flow Structures in an Aneurysm
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Yu, P, & Durgesh, V. "Experimental Study of Large-Scale Flow Structures in an Aneurysm." Proceedings of the ASME 2018 5th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting. Volume 1: Flow Manipulation and Active Control; Bio-Inspired Fluid Mechanics; Boundary Layer and High-Speed Flows; Fluids Engineering Education; Transport Phenomena in Energy Conversion and Mixing; Turbulent Flows; Vortex Dynamics; DNS/LES and Hybrid RANS/LES Methods; Fluid Structure Interaction; Fluid Dynamics of Wind Energy; Bubble, Droplet, and Aerosol Dynamics. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. July 15–20, 2018. V001T02A009. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2018-83531
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