An experimental study was conducted to investigate nozzle geometry effects on mixing characteristics and turbulent transport phenomena in the near and intermediate regions of free jets issuing from modified contoured nozzles (contoured nozzle with a sharp linear contraction). The cross-sections examined were round, square, equilateral triangle as well as ellipse and rectangle with aspect ratio of 2. For each nozzle shape, detailed velocity measurements were made using particle image velocimetry at a Reynolds number of 10000. It was observed that noncircular jets have shorter potential cores than their round counterparts and their lengths are comparable with those of orifice jets. In addition, the spread and decay rates and the levels of turbulence intensities are the highest in the jets issuing from the elliptic and rectangular nozzles, implying enhanced mixing in these jets. The results from the swirling strength analysis revealed that the rotational motions induced by vortices within the minor planes of the elliptic and rectangular jets are more intense than those observed in the other jets. Furthermore the obtained data indicate distinctly different flow characteristics in the major and minor planes of elliptic, rectangular and triangular jets due to their asymmetric shapes. The size of turbulence structures in all the jets studied increases with streamwise distance and the elliptic and rectangular jets contain the largest structures.
- Fluids Engineering Division
Comparison of Turbulent Jets Issuing From Various Sharp Contoured Nozzles
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Aleyasin, SS, Fathi, N, Tachie, MF, & Koupriyanov, M. "Comparison of Turbulent Jets Issuing From Various Sharp Contoured Nozzles." Proceedings of the ASME 2017 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting. Volume 1C, Symposia: Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flows; Gas and Liquid-Solid Two-Phase Flows; Numerical Methods for Multiphase Flow; Turbulent Flows: Issues and Perspectives; Flow Applications in Aerospace; Fluid Power; Bio-Inspired Fluid Mechanics; Flow Manipulation and Active Control; Fundamental Issues and Perspectives in Fluid Mechanics; Transport Phenomena in Energy Conversion From Clean and Sustainable Resources; Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing and Manufacturing Processes. Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA. July 30–August 3, 2017. V01CT23A016. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2017-69419
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