The study of highly unsteady wing flapping includes the large scale vortices, complicated locomotion/dynamics and deformable wing structures. When flapping insects/birds approach or perch on some objects, such as ground, wall or obstacle, the solid boundary dissipates, absorbs and bounces the leading edge, trailing edge and wing tip vortices, which are generated and shed during the flapping flight. Such phenomenon creates a high pressure area, leads to cushion effect and influences the aerodynamics, stability and maneuverability significantly. This paper uses immersed boundary method (IBM) to numerically study the aerodynamic performance of flapping wing in proximity of obstacles, investigate the distance, flapping motion and wing flexibility effects and relevant symmetric/asymmetric flow patterns, research the influence of vortex generating and shedding to the lift/drag change, explore the key distance and reveal the mechanism how insects/birds adjust the flapping motion to achieve ideal flight. Such research could theoretically support the development of micro-bionic flapping wing vehicle.

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