In this paper, impingement of a turbulent rectangular flow to a fixed wall is investigated. The jet flows from bottom-to-top and the output jet Reynolds is 16000. The nozzle-to-plate distance is equal to 10 (H/e = 10). Five turbulence models, including k-ε, RNG k-ε, k-ω SST, RSM and v2f model have been used for two-dimensional numerical simulation of the turbulent flow. Because of the complexities of the impingement flow, such as curved streamlines, flow separation, normal strains and sudden deceleration in different areas, different turbulence models are proposed to simulate different regions of the flow. To investigate the capability of these turbulence models in simulating different regions of the impinging jet, the mean flow velocity field and turbulent kinetic energy are extracted and compared with the experimental data of a two-dimensional particle image velocimetry (PIV). The calculated error of these five turbulence models was presented for the various flow regions, while it have not been clearly investigated earlier. Results indicate the highest conformity of the v2f model with the experimental data at the jet centerline. However, this model does not predict well the flow at the shear layer and wall-jet areas. RSM Gibson and Lander model has the highest conformity with the experimental data in these regions.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.