A metal foam filled microchannel cooling device for polymer-electrolyte-membrane fuel cell (PEFC) and flow batteries was investigated experimentally and numerically in this study. Nickel foam was selected due to its high conductivity, large surface area, low density and low cost. The properties of the nickel foam were determined analytically and experimentally. Experiments were conducted to obtain pressure drop at various Reynolds numbers for metal foams of varying porosities. The experimental data was used to provide inputs for the numerical model. A modeling approach for flow in a metal foam filled channel was validated with the available data. The validated model was then used to analyze the heat transfer and fluid flow characteristics of the metal foam microchannel. Two different locations of the cooling device with respect to the PEF C stack were investigated. The thermal resistance and pressure drop change with Reynolds number are presented. Significant temperature drop was observed with the metal foam microchannel design. The modeling results can be used to guide the direction of future experiments.
- Fluids Engineering Division
Metal Foam Microchannel Heat Exchangers for Cooling of Fuel Cells and Flow Batteries
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Santamaria, A, & Zhang, J. "Metal Foam Microchannel Heat Exchangers for Cooling of Fuel Cells and Flow Batteries." Proceedings of the ASME 2017 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting. Volume 1B, Symposia: Fluid Measurement and Instrumentation; Fluid Dynamics of Wind Energy; Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conversion; Energy and Process Engineering; Microfluidics and Nanofluidics; Development and Applications in Computational Fluid Dynamics; DNS/LES and Hybrid RANS/LES Methods. Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA. July 30–August 3, 2017. V01BT10A009. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2017-69358
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