Solid particle erosion in elbows is of great importance in the pipeline design process. In many situations, elbows are mounted in series with small distances between each other. Due to changes in flow direction and particles concentration after the first elbow, a significant change in erosion magnitude and pattern in the downstream elbows (second elbow) might be expected. The aim of this study is to investigate the solid particle erosion behavior in the second elbow. In the experimental study using a state-of-art ultrasonic technique, erosion magnitudes in two standard 4-inch elbows separated by a distance of 10 pipe diameter have been measured. Experiments have been conducted in single and two-phase flow regimes for different particle sizes and gas and liquid velocities. In most of the cases, the maximum erosion in the second elbow was less than the first elbow, and the erosion pattern in the second elbow was slightly different than the first elbow. Comparison of single and two-phase flow results for both elbows revealed that in two-phase flow regime a major reduction in erosion magnitude happens as a results of the presence of liquid in the pipe. Additionally, for further considerations, the experimental conditions have been simulated numerically using ANSYS FLUENT software. Simulations have been performed for different mesh grids and turbulence models to examine how they influence the erosion in the second elbow as both can affect the particles trajectories. The accuracy of the numerical results are evaluated with available experimental data. For most of the cases, the erosion predictions are in a good agreement with experimental results. For both elbows by increasing the gas velocity and particle size, the maximum erosion increased.

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