The flow field inside a compressor is characterized by highly unsteady flow effects. Consequently, the performance of a compressor is significantly influenced by the complex flow field. Especially at off-design conditions, flow separation and tip clearance flow cause vortex structures and thus increased losses. The objective of this paper is to give an insight into the effect mechanism of the movable stator vanes as an adaptive system to affect unsteady flow conditions. The experiments were conducted in a stator cascade in a water channel at a Reynolds number of Re = 500 000. Inlet guide vanes with movable flaps were used to simulate the periodic variation of the inlet flow angle. As parameters, the mean stagger angle of the stator cascade as well as the phase shift between the sinusoidal movement of the stator and the inlet guide cascade were varied. By using the optical measurement technique High-Speed Particle Image Velocimetry (HS-PIV), the flow fields upstream and downstream of the stator cascade were captured. Overall, the results revealed that the loss coefficient is strongly dependent on the phase shift between the inlet guide cascade and the stator cascade. Using certain phase shifts, a reduction in losses of up to 20% was achieved by the movable stator cascade.

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