Large-eddy simulation and linear stability analysis were performed on a NACA 0025 airfoil at a chord Reynolds number of 105 and four angles of attack. The computations showed that the initial vortex roll-up quickly breaks down to three-dimensional turbulence. Flow separation was observed at all angles, whereas only the lowest angle of attack formed a laminar separation bubble due to flow transition occuring close to the airfoil surface. A Chebyshev collocation method was employed to solve the viscous and inviscid stability equations. Linear stability analysis demonstrated that high-frequency disturbances occur in the laminar separation bubble case, whereas lower frequencies are present for the fully separated angles of attack. The maximum disturbance growth rates were dampened with the addition of viscosity but negligible change in peak frequency was noted.

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