To investigate the influence of relative positions between a radial diffuser and an annular volute on the unsteady pressure at the centrifugal pump outlet, experiment tests were carried out with five positions between the diffuser and volute in an open test rig. Statistical and frequency spectrum analyses were carried out to obtain the pressure fluctuation amplitude range and the frequency domain respectively. The results showed that the relative position has greater influence on the pressure at large flow rate than at part load condition. The dominant frequency and the Power Spectrum Density (PSD) values are affected by diffuser azimuthal position and the harmonic frequencies are determined by number of blades and vanes. The investigation can give a reference to optimize the relative angle between diffuser and volute to reduce the pressure fluctuations.

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