Particle-resolved direct numerical simulations are performed using fictitious domain approach  to investigate the effect of an oscillatory flow field over a rough wall made up of a regular hexagonal pack of fixed spherical particles, in a setup similar to the experimental configuration of . Turbulent flows at Reynolds numbers, Reδ = 200 and 400 (based on the Stokes-layer thickness δ) are studied. The unsteady nature of hydrodynamic forces on particles and their cross-correlations with measurable flow variables are investigated. Temporal correlations showed drag and lift to be positively correlated with a phase difference, which is approximately equal to the Taylor micro-scale related to drag/lift correlations. Spatio-temporal correlations between the flow field and particle-related quantities showed that the lift force is well correlated with the streamwise velocity fluctuations up to distances of the same order as the particle diameter, beyond which the cross correlation decays considerably. On the other hand, the pressure fluctuations are correlated and anti-correlated with the lift force in the front and aft regions of the particle, respectively, as a result of wake effects. Further statistical analyses showed that the near-bed velocity and pressure fluctuations fit poorly with Gaussian distributions. Instead, a fourth order Gram-Charlier distribution model is proposed that may have consequences on the Gaussian descriptions of sediment pick-up functions typically used in quantification of turbulent transport of sediment particles.
- Fluids Engineering Division
Particle-Resolved DNS to Study Spatio-Temporal Correlations of Hydrodynamic Forces on Particle-Bed in an Oscillatory Flow Environment
Ghodke, CD, & Apte, SV. "Particle-Resolved DNS to Study Spatio-Temporal Correlations of Hydrodynamic Forces on Particle-Bed in an Oscillatory Flow Environment." Proceedings of the ASME 2016 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the ASME 2016 Heat Transfer Summer Conference and the ASME 2016 14th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. Volume 1A, Symposia: Turbomachinery Flow Simulation and Optimization; Applications in CFD; Bio-Inspired and Bio-Medical Fluid Mechanics; CFD Verification and Validation; Development and Applications of Immersed Boundary Methods; DNS, LES and Hybrid RANS/LES Methods; Fluid Machinery; Fluid-Structure Interaction and Flow-Induced Noise in Industrial Applications; Flow Applications in Aerospace; Active Fluid Dynamics and Flow Control — Theory, Experiments and Implementation. Washington, DC, USA. July 10–14, 2016. V01AT08A005. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2016-7761
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