Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts are fully implantable medical devices that are used to treat patients suffering from conditions characterized by elevated intracranial pressure, such as hydrocephalus. One of the primary causes of CSF shunt failure is mechanical obstruction of the ventricular catheter, a component of the shunt system implanted directly into the brain’s ventricular system. This study aims to characterize the CSF flow through ventricular catheters via a 3-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model. The fully-parametrized model has allowed for exploration of the catheter’s geometric design features, with the goal of reducing the incidence of catheter obstruction. As the first step towards this goal, a design optimization study was performed with the objective of achieving a uniform flow rate distribution among the catheter’s inlet holes. To perform this study, the CFD model was coupled with an optimization framework, and a large number of simulations were run on a high-performance computing system to determine the optimal design for target flow performance. This optimization study advances the field of CSF shunt design by providing systematically derived correlations between the catheter’s geometric parameters and CSF flow through the catheter’s inlet holes.
- Fluids Engineering Division
Optimization of Ventricular Catheter Design Using High-Performance Computing
Weisenberg, SH, & TerMaath, SC. "Optimization of Ventricular Catheter Design Using High-Performance Computing." Proceedings of the ASME 2016 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the ASME 2016 Heat Transfer Summer Conference and the ASME 2016 14th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. Volume 1A, Symposia: Turbomachinery Flow Simulation and Optimization; Applications in CFD; Bio-Inspired and Bio-Medical Fluid Mechanics; CFD Verification and Validation; Development and Applications of Immersed Boundary Methods; DNS, LES and Hybrid RANS/LES Methods; Fluid Machinery; Fluid-Structure Interaction and Flow-Induced Noise in Industrial Applications; Flow Applications in Aerospace; Active Fluid Dynamics and Flow Control — Theory, Experiments and Implementation. Washington, DC, USA. July 10–14, 2016. V01AT03A012. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2016-7675
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