Electrical Submersible Pumps (ESPs) are used in upstream petroleum industry for pumping liquid-gas mixtures. The presence of gas in the flow reduces the efficiency of ESPs. To investigate the effect of gas in the flow medium, Electrical Resistance Tomography (ERT) is performed on the two diffuser stages in a three-stage ESP which was manufactured by Baker Hughes Company. In an ERT system, the relative conductivity of the two-phase fluid mixture in comparison with the conductivity of pure liquid is measured which is used to obtain the Gas Volume Fraction (GVF) and mixture concentration. The measured GVF and concentration is used to characterize the flow for different flow rates of water and air, inlet pressures and rotating speeds.

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