Characteristics of coherent structures generated in channel flows during low Reynolds numbers mixed convection have been investigated in a square channel. The Gr/Re2 ranged between 21 and 206 which indicates that natural convection was dominant over forced convection. Two-dimensional velocity fields were measured using particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique in different planes to obtain a three-dimensional perspective of the flow field in the channel. The coherent structures were detected from the turbulent velocity fields using an algorithm based on the velocity gradient tensor second invariant (Q). The location of each detected coherent structure was recorded and its turbulent kinetic energy was computed. It was found that the strength of coherent structures increased with an increase in the bottom wall temperature. The results also indicate that the coherent structures present in the region away from the bottom heated wall were more energetic compared to the coherent structures present within the thermal boundary layer.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.