Three-dimensional turbulent offset jets were investigated with a particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique. Detailed velocity measurements for the flow were performed at an exit Reynolds number ranging from 8080–12080 for three offset height ratios of 0, 2 and 4. Profiles of the maximum mean velocity decay and wall-normal spread rates were observed to be sensitive to offset height ratio. Contour plots of mean velocity and turbulence kinetic energy exhibited dependence on offset height ratio. The reattachment lengths of the turbulent three-dimensional offset jets were observed to increase with offset height ratio. The results within the symmetry plane revealed that the production of Reynolds shear stress was not significantly enhanced by offset height ratio further downstream.
- Fluids Engineering Division
Flow Characteristics and Structure of 3D Turbulent Offset Jets
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Nyantekyi-Kwakye, B, Clark, S, Tachie, MF, Malenchak, J, & Muluye, G. "Flow Characteristics and Structure of 3D Turbulent Offset Jets." Proceedings of the ASME 2014 4th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. Volume 1D, Symposia: Transport Phenomena in Mixing; Turbulent Flows; Urban Fluid Mechanics; Fluid Dynamic Behavior of Complex Particles; Analysis of Elementary Processes in Dispersed Multiphase Flows; Multiphase Flow With Heat/Mass Transfer in Process Technology; Fluid Mechanics of Aircraft and Rocket Emissions and Their Environmental Impacts; High Performance CFD Computation; Performance of Multiphase Flow Systems; Wind Energy; Uncertainty Quantification in Flow Measurements and Simulations. Chicago, Illinois, USA. August 3–7, 2014. V01DT27A006. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2014-21276
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