Experiments have been carried out on models of rigid circular cylinders fitted with three different types of permeable meshes to investigate their effectiveness in the suppression of vortex-induced vibrations (VIV). Measurements of the dynamic response are presented for models with low mass and damping which are free to respond in the cross-flow direction. Reynolds number ranged from 1,000 to 10,000 and reduced velocity was varied between 2 and 13. Also presented are measurements of the wake of static models with Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) at Reynolds number equal to 4000. Results for two meshes made of ropes and cylindrical tubes are compared with the VIV response of a bare cylinder and that of a known suppressor called the “ventilated trousers” (VT). All three meshes achieved an average 50% reduction of the response when compared with that of the bare cylinder. The sparse mesh configuration presented a similar behaviour to the VT, while the dense mesh produced considerable VIV response for an indefinitely long range of reduced velocity. Visualisation of the flow by PIV around static cylinders revealed that all suppressors disrupt the vortex shedding and increase the formation length when compared to the bare cylinder. The VT mesh, which presented the best suppression, also presented the largest vortex formation length.
- Fluids Engineering Division
Suppression of the Vortex-Induced Vibration of a Circular Cylinder With Permeable Meshes
Cicolin, MM, Freire, CM, & Assi, GRS. "Suppression of the Vortex-Induced Vibration of a Circular Cylinder With Permeable Meshes." Proceedings of the ASME 2014 4th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. Volume 1B, Symposia: Fluid Machinery; Fluid-Structure Interaction and Flow-Induced Noise in Industrial Applications; Flow Applications in Aerospace; Flow Manipulation and Active Control: Theory, Experiments and Implementation; Multiscale Methods for Multiphase Flow; Noninvasive Measurements in Single and Multiphase Flows. Chicago, Illinois, USA. August 3–7, 2014. V01BT12A011. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2014-22149
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