Multiphase flow with particles covers a wide spectrum of flow conditions in natural world and industrial applications. The experiments and the direct numerical simulation have become the most popular means to study the dilute particle-laden flow in the last two decades. In the experimental study, the mean Reynolds number is often adjusted to the value of single-phase flow for each set of particle conditions. However, the friction Reynolds number usually keeps invariable in the direct numerical simulation of the particle-laden flows for convenience. In this study the effect of the difference between given mean Reynolds number and friction Reynolds number was investigated. Two simulations were performed for each set of particle parameters, and the mean Reynolds number and friction Reynolds number were kept invariant respectively. From the results it can be found that the turbulence intensity and the dimensionless velocities are larger when keeping the friction Reynolds constant. And the results calculated from the cases of keeping the mean Reynolds number invariable agree with the experiment results better. In addition, the particle distribution along the wall-normal coordinate was found to be unchanged between two simulation conditions. As a suggestion, keeping the same mean Reynolds number in the direct numerical simulation of particle-laden flow is more appropriate.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.