FLASH is a massively parallel, multi-physics, open source code developed by the University of Chicago [1] for investigating astrophysical phenomena. FLASH was modified [2] to handle detailed chemical kinetics for hydrogen and methane combustion and heat release, in order to enable the code to be used for combustion applications. These capabilities have been tested and validated [2, 3] through an extensive suite of simulations. These modifications include the addition of detailed H2-air and CH4-air chemistry along with temperature dependent thermodynamic and transport properties.

The aim of this work is to apply the modified version of FLASH to three cases of highly compressible supersonic flows, involving chemical reactions. The first problem is a reacting shock-bubble interaction, in which the shock triggers combustion in a fuel bubble. In the second problem, a two-dimensional, Richtmyer-Meshkov Instability leading to combustion of the fuel at a non-premixed, single mode perturbed interface has been studied numerically. In these cases, the relationship between the integral heat release rate, the integral H2O production rate and total circulation is investigated. In the third example, a multimode perturbed interface has been implemented into a 3D simulation. Time evolution of the interface undergoing reacting RMI is studied. By defining a reflecting endwall for RMI simulations, the effect of a second reflected shock on the mixing behavior and combustion on an already shocked interface has been studied.

Numerical simulations of the interaction of a shock (Mach number 2) in air with H2 bubble was performed [2]. The misalignment between the pressure gradient across the shock front and the density gradient at the site of H2-Air interface generates baroclinc vorticity. This phenomenon generates counter-rotating vortices that breakdown the H2 bubble (fuel). The rapid breakdown of the H2 bubble transitions to turbulent mixing, intensifying the heat release rate. In two more general configurations, chemically reacting, single-mode and multimode Richtmyer-Meshkov Instability has been studied. RMI is the driving mechanism for growth of small interfacial perturbations. Initially single-mode perturbations of small amplitude grow linearly due to impulsive acceleration by shock. This is followed by non-linear growth at late times due to the formation of secondary Kelvin-Helmholtz instability. Heat release and product formation in the vicinity of interface will affect perturbation growth rates which will affect the mixing behavior and therefore the combustion efficiency [4].

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.