The primary design goal of a compressor is focused on improving efficiency. Secondary objective is to widen the compressor’s operating range. This paper presents a numerical and experimental investigation of the influence of the bleed slot to enlarge operating range for the 1.2MW class centrifugal compressor installed in a turbocharger. The main design parameters of the bleed slot casing are upstream slot position, inlet pipe slope, downstream slot position and width. The DOE (design of experiment) method was carried out to optimize the casing design. Numerical analyses were done by the commercial code ANSYS-CFX based on the three dimensional Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations. From the analysis, as the downstream slot position and width are smaller and upstream position is located away from impeller inlet, efficiency and pressure ratio are increased.
Experimental works were done with and without the bleed slot casing. The simulation results were in good agreement with the test data. In case without the bleed slot casing, the surge margin value came out to be only 11.8% but with the optimized bleed slot design, the surge margin reached 23%. Therefore, the surge margin increase of 11.2% was achieved.