The working parameters of the dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma actuator were optimized to gain an understanding of the flow control mechanism. Experiments were conducted at a Reynolds number of 63,000 using a NACA 0015 airfoil which was fixed to the stall angle of 12 degrees. The two objective functions are: 1) power consumption (P) and 2) lift coefficient (Cl). The goal of the optimization is to decrease P while maximizing Cl. The design variables consist of input power parameters. The algorithm was run for 10 generations with a total population of 260 solutions. Although the number of generations and population size was limited due to experimental constraints, the algorithm was able to converge and the approximate Pareto-front was obtained. From the objective function space, we observe a relatively linear trend where Cl increases with P and after a certain threshold, the value of Cl seems to saturate. We discuss the results obtained in the objective space in addition to scatter plot matrix and color maps. This article, with its experiment-based approach, demonstrates the robustness of a Multi-Objective Design Optimization method and its feasibility for wind tunnel experiments.

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