This paper focuses on the numerical and experimental characterization of the vortex structures that develop along a simplified geometry of a wing equipped with pylon-mounted engine at low speed/high angle of attack flight conditions. In these conditions, the presence of the engine installation under the wing induces a complex and unsteady vortical flow field at the nacelle/pylon/wing junctions which interacts with the upper wing boundary layer and leads to a drop of aircraft performances. In order to gain insight into the physics driving this interaction, it is proposed to isolate its fundamental mechanisms by simplifying the problem. The parameters of interest that led to the simplification of the model are first described. As a first step into a more comprehensive knowledge of this complex physics, this study is initially conducted at a Reynolds number of 200000, based on the chord wing and on the free stream velocity. Two configurations of angle of attack and sideslip angles (α = 8°/β = 0° and α = 8°/β = 30°) have been investigated. This work relies on unsteady RANS computations, oil flow visualizations and 3C-PIV measurements. The vortex dynamics thus produced is described in terms of vortex core position, intensity, size and turbulent intensity thanks to a vortex tracking post-processing algorithm. In addition, the analysis of the velocity flow field obtained from the PIV measurements will highlight the influence of the longitudinal vortex issued from the pylon/wing junction on the separation process of the boundary layer near the upper wing leading-edge.
- Fluids Engineering Division
Experimental and Computational Investigation of a Simplified Geometry of an Engine/Pylon/Wing Installation at High-Lift Flight Conditions
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Lucas, M, Bury, Y, Bonnaud, C, & Joly, L. "Experimental and Computational Investigation of a Simplified Geometry of an Engine/Pylon/Wing Installation at High-Lift Flight Conditions." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting. Volume 1B, Symposia: Fluid Machinery; Fluid Power; Fluid-Structure Interaction and Flow-Induced Noise in Industrial Applications; Flow Applications in Aerospace; Flow Manipulation and Active Control: Theory, Experiments and Implementation; Fundamental Issues and Perspectives in Fluid Mechanics. Incline Village, Nevada, USA. July 7–11, 2013. V01BT14A004. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2013-16073
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