The main objectives of the present study are to identify the dominant parameters responsible for the generation of unsteady flow, determine the conditions under which flow oscillations are produced and the relation between the flow characteristics and the number of vanes with identical solidity. The flow instabilities downstream of inlet guide vanes (IGV) are clarified experimentally and by numerical simulation. The conditions for the onset of flow instability, including the number of cells and the oscillation characteristics of the unsteady flow, are discussed based on measured pressure fluctuations and the propagating angular velocity ratio of the instability for various radius ratios (r3/r2). The effectiveness of adjusting the number of vanes to control the flow instabilities is also discussed.

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