Shear instabilities induced by the relaxation of laminar boundary layer at the free surface of a high speed liquid jet are investigated experimentally. Physical insights into these instabilities and the resulting capillary wave growth are gained by performing non-intrusive measurements of flow structure in the direct vicinity of the surface. The experimental results are a combination of surface visualization, planar laser induced fluorescence (PLIF), particle image velocimetry (PIV), and particle tracking velocimetry (PTV). They suggest that 2D spanwise vortices in the shear layer play a major role in these instabilities by triggering 2D waves on the free surface as predicted by linear stability analysis. These vortices, however, are found to travel at a different speed than the capillary waves they initially created resulting in interference with the waves and wave growth. A new experimental facility was built; it consists of a 20.3 × 146.mm rectangular water wall jet with Reynolds number based on channel depth between 3.13 × 104 to 1.65 × 105 and 115. to 264. based on boundary layer momentum thickness.
- Fluids Engineering Division
Experimental Investigation of Boundary Layer Instabilities on the Free Surface of Non-Turbulent Jet
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Andre, MA, & Bardet, PM. "Experimental Investigation of Boundary Layer Instabilities on the Free Surface of Non-Turbulent Jet." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the ASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conference and the ASME 2012 10th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. Volume 2: Fora. Rio Grande, Puerto Rico, USA. July 8–12, 2012. pp. 111-119. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2012-72328
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