In this paper, the motion and deposition of micro fibers in different regions of a realistic human nasal airway were studied using a computational modeling approach. The airflow field in the nasal cavity was simulated by solving the Navier-Stokes and continuity equations. The coupled translational and rotation motion of the fibers were analyzed by a Lagrangian approach assuming one-way coupling. The fibers were assumed to be ellipsoids and a computer code was developed for solving the coupled translational and rotational equations of motion of the ellipsoidal fiber. A large number of fibers were injected at the nostril and the deposition pattern and deposition fraction (DF) of the fibers in different regions of the nasal cavity were evaluated for different breathing rates, various fiber diameters and different fiber aspect ratios. The simulation results for ellipsoidal fibers obtained by solving the coupled translational and rotational equations were compared with those obtained by solving only the translational equations of equivalent spherical particles with a shape factor, which were used in some earlier works.
- Fluids Engineering Division
A Numerical Investigation of Regional Fiber Deposition in a Realistic Nasal Cavity
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Dastan, A, Abouali, O, & Ahmadi, G. "A Numerical Investigation of Regional Fiber Deposition in a Realistic Nasal Cavity." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the ASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conference and the ASME 2012 10th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A and B. Rio Grande, Puerto Rico, USA. July 8–12, 2012. pp. 839-846. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2012-72368
Download citation file: