This paper deals with a CFD and experimental drag analysis on an isolated rotating wheel subsystem (including its accessories: tire, suspension, A-arms and fender) of a tricycle vehicle. The main goal of the present work is to study the effect of the fender on the wheel subsystem drag and its optimization. The Star CCM+ commercial code was used for the numerical simulations. Different flow conditions were simulated and some results were validated by comparison to wind tunnel experimental results. To perform drag optimization, several aerodynamic fender shapes were designed and simulated as part of the subsystem. A drastic drag reduction up to 30.6% compared to the original wheel subsystem was achieved through numerical simulations.
- Fluids Engineering Division
Aerodynamic Study of a Tricycle Wheel Subsystem for Drag Reduction
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Driant, T, Remaki, L, Moreau, S, Desrochers, A, & Fellouah, H. "Aerodynamic Study of a Tricycle Wheel Subsystem for Drag Reduction." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the ASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conference and the ASME 2012 10th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A and B. Rio Grande, Puerto Rico, USA. July 8–12, 2012. pp. 247-252. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2012-72123
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