The focus of this paper is to characterize the upstream wake of a three bladed Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine (HAWT) and its interaction with the native structures within a turbulent boundary layer (TBL). The overarching question is the most prevailing length and time scales of coherent structures that would interact with a HAWT and how they would be affected. The implications include wall flow and structure interaction and flow induced noise generation in large scale turbo machineries. The experiments are performed on a turbine that has a 0.128 m rotor diameter, a hub height of 0.104 m and a tip speed ratio of 4. The HAWT model is placed in a large scale wind tunnel in a boundary layer with a thickness δ of ∼0.6 m. The boundary layer is generated by a 60 mm picket fence trip and developed over a smooth wall under thermally neutral conditions. Measurements are performed under ReD of 4 × 105 and 6 × 105. Both turbine geometries and flow conditions are scaled from operating conditions in the field. High speed Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV), turbine voltage output, and angular velocity measurements are conducted simultaneously, by which one could relate the upwind flow structures with the power output of the turbine. High speed PIV offer details in spatial and temporal characteristics of the impinging flow structures, whilst the voltage anemometer and tachometer provide instantaneous measurement of angular velocity of the turbine. PIV measurements are taken at a rate of 1500 image pairs per second with a 100 μs delay between laser pulses. Each sample area is 0.15 × 0.15 cm. Two locations up to two rotor diameters upwind are measured. Instantaneous voltage is taken at a sampling rate of 30 kHz and a sampling time of 60s to ensure sufficient temporal resolution and coverage. Ongoing analysis using conditional averaging based on extreme power output events will provide insights in assessing a HAWT performance in unsteady flow conditions.

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