Fully turbulent inflow past symmetrically located side branches mounted in a duct can give rise to pronounced flow oscillations due to coupling between separated shear layers and standing acoustic waves. The acoustically-coupled flows were investigated using digital particle image velocimetry (PIV) in conjunction with unsteady pressure measurements. Global instantaneous, phase- and time-averaged flow images were evaluated to provide insight into the flow physics during flow tone generation. Onset of the locked-on resonant states was characterized in terms of the acoustic pressure amplitude and frequency of the resonant pressure peak. Structure of the acoustic noise source was characterized in terms of patterns of generated acoustic power, which was evaluated by applying the vortex sound theory in conjunction with global quantitative flow imaging and numerical simulation of the acoustic field. In addition to the basic side branch configuration, the effect of bluff rectangular splitter plates located along the centerline of the main duct was investigated. The first mode of the shear layer oscillation was inhibited by the presence of the plates, which resulted in substantial reduction of the amplitude of acoustic pulsations and the strength of the acoustic source.
- Fluids Engineering Division
Acoustically-Coupled Flows in Coaxial Side Branch Resonators With Bluff Rectangular Splitter Plates
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Velikorodny, A, & Oshkai, P. "Acoustically-Coupled Flows in Coaxial Side Branch Resonators With Bluff Rectangular Splitter Plates." Proceedings of the ASME 2010 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting collocated with 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. ASME 2010 7th International Symposium on Fluid-Structure Interactions, Flow-Sound Interactions, and Flow-Induced Vibration and Noise: Volume 3, Parts A and B. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. August 1–5, 2010. pp. 713-722. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM-ICNMM2010-30221
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