High speed impinging jets are frequently used in a variety of industrial applications including thermal and coating control processes. These flows are liable to the production of very intense narrow band acoustic tones, which are produced by a feedback mechanism between instabilities in the jet free shear layer which roll up to form large scale coherent structures, and pressure fluctuations produced by the impingement of these structures at the impingement surface. This paper examines tone generation of a high speed planar gas jet impinging normally on a flat, rigid surface. Experiments are performed over the complete range of subsonic and transonic jet flow velocities for which tones are generated, from U0 = 150m/s (M≈0.4) to choked flow (U0 = 343m/s, M = 1), and over the complete range of impingement distance for which tones occur. The effect of varying the jet thickness is also examined. The behavior of the planar impinging jet case is compared to that of the axisymmetric case, and found to be significantly different, with tones being excited at larger impingement distances, and at lower flow velocities. The Strouhal numbers associated with tone generation in the planar case are on average an order of magnitude lower than that of the axisymmetric case when using similar velocity and length scales. The frequency behavior of the resulting tones is predicted using a simple feedback model, which allows the identification of the various shear layer modes of the instabilities driving tone generation. Finally, a thorough dimensionless analysis is performed in order to quantify the system behavior in terms of the appropriate scales.

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