This work was dedicated to the experimental study of oscillating plate propulsors undergoing a combination of heave translation and pitch rotation. The oscillation kinematics are inspired by swimming mechanisms employed by fish and other marine animals. The primary focus was on the propulsive characteristics of such oscillating plates, which were studied by means of direct force measurements in the thrust-producing regime. Experiments were performed at constant Reynolds number and constant heave amplitude. By varying the Strouhal number, the depth of submergence and the chordwise flexibility of the plate, it was possible to investigate corresponding changes in the generated thrust and the hydromechanical efficiency. It was possible to establish a set of parameters, including the driving frequency of the system, the ratio of rigid to flexible segment length of the plate, and the range of Strouhal numbers that led to a peak efficiency of approximately 80%. The experiments involving plates with various ratios of rigid to flexible segment lengths showed that greater flexibility increased the propulsive efficiency and thrust compared to an identical motion of the purely rigid plate. By submerging the plate at different depths, it was observed that the proximity of the propulsor to the bottom of the channel led to overall increase in the thrust coefficient.
- Fluids Engineering Division
Effect of Chordwise Flexibility and Depth of Submergence on an Oscillating Plate Underwater Propulsion System
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Barannyk, O, Buckham, B, & Oshkai, P. "Effect of Chordwise Flexibility and Depth of Submergence on an Oscillating Plate Underwater Propulsion System." Proceedings of the ASME 2010 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting collocated with 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. ASME 2010 7th International Symposium on Fluid-Structure Interactions, Flow-Sound Interactions, and Flow-Induced Vibration and Noise: Volume 3, Parts A and B. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. August 1–5, 2010. pp. 1103-1112. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM-ICNMM2010-30148
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