Simulations of flow field around wall mounted square cylinders have been used extensively for validation of computational models in the literature. In this paper the airflow fields around a square cylinder were simulated using the Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) models as well as the Large Eddy Simulations (LES). Particular attention was given to the case with Reynolds number of 80,000 for which the experimental data of Hussein and Matinuzzi [1] are available. The nature of the 3D wakes behind the cube as well as the vortices in front and at the back of the cube were investigated. The simulation results were compared with the experimental data and the accuracy of different models were studied. While the LES better captured the features of this separated flow, it is computationally intensive. The Reynolds Stress Transport Model (RSTM) did not properly predict some features of this separated flow, but is comparatively more economical. The accuracy of RSTM for predicting the turbulence features of separated flows was discussed, and its application for the flow around a realistic model of a building was pointed out.

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