Steady two-dimensional natural convection in rectangular two dimensional cavities filled with non-Newtonian power law-Boussinesq fluids is numerically investigated. The conservation equations of mass, momentum and energy are solved using the finite volume method for varying inclination angles between 0° and 90° and two cavity height based Rayleigh numbers, Ra = 104 and 105, a Prandtl number of Pr = 102 and two cavity aspect ratios of 1, 4. For the vertical inclination of 90°, computations were performed for two Rayleigh numbers Ra = 104 and 105 and three Prandtl numbers of Pr = 102, 103 and 104. In all of the numerical experiments, the channel is heated from below and cooled from the top with insulated side-walls and the inclination angle is varied. A comprehensive comparison between the Newtonian and the non-Newtonian cases is presented based on the dependence of the average Nusselt number Nu on the angle of inclination together with the Rayleigh number, Prandtl number, power law index n and aspect ratio dependent flow configurations which undergo several exchange of stability as the angle of inclination O̸ is gradually increased from the horizontal resulting in a rather sudden drop in the heat transfer rate triggered by the last loss of stability and transition to a single cell configuration. Despite significant differences in the heat transfer rate and flow configurations both Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids of the power law type exhibit qualitatively similar behavior.
- Fluids Engineering Division
Flow Instabilities and Heat Transfer in Buoyancy Driven Flows of Inelastic Non-Newtonian Fluids in Inclined Rectangular Cavities
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Siginer, D, & Khezzar, L. "Flow Instabilities and Heat Transfer in Buoyancy Driven Flows of Inelastic Non-Newtonian Fluids in Inclined Rectangular Cavities." Proceedings of the ASME 2010 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting collocated with 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. ASME 2010 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting: Volume 1, Symposia – Parts A, B, and C. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. August 1–5, 2010. pp. 1411-1420. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM-ICNMM2010-30243
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