An active flow control approach was investigated in order to reduce the aerodynamic drag of a generic square-backed vehicle. The investigations were carried out at a Reynolds number of ReL = 500,000. Large Eddy Simulations were performed which are suitable for time dependent flows around vehicles with large coherent structures. After the base flow simulations active flow control was applied in order to achieve drag reduction using steady blowing through small slits near the edges of the rear surface. The blowing velocity was equal to the inflow velocity (vblow = U0), and the blowing angle was changed from θ = 0° to θ = 60°. It is shown that these control techniques can achieve a maximum drag decrease for the θ = 45° control version of around 12%. Additionally the effect of moving floor was studied and comparison was made for the baseline and for the 45° flow control variant. It was found that the stagnation point on the rear surface moves upwards, and the vertical extension of the wake section reduces, so the evolving pressure level on the back surface increases. Finally a study of the blowing velocity was performed, changing vblow = 0.25U0 until vblow = 2.25U0 at θ = 45° blowing angle. An efficiency optimum was found around vblow = 1.25U0.

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