Cavitation is a common phenomenon that appears during the operation of the hydraulic turbomachines reducing performance and life of Centrifugal pumps. The main goal of this work is primarily a CFD-simulation of the whole Centrifugal Pump-Turbine including the suction cone, impeller, diffuser blades and volute, in order to characterize and evaluate its performance under cavitation conditions. The CFD simulations results were compared with experimental data under cavitation and non-cavitation conditions. A good agreement has been obtained under non-cavitation conditions for global performance parameters. After the implementation of the Rayleigh Plesset cavitation model, the required Net Positive Suction Head (NPSHr) has been predicted from CFD simulations. Finally, a full cavitation test can be reproduced for a Hydraulic Turbomachine to avoid this dangerous phenomenon.
Numerical Simulation of Cavitation Phenomena in a Centrifugal Pump
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Jeanty, F, De Andrade, J, Asuaje, M, Kenyery, F, Va´squez, A, Aguillo´n, O, & Tremante, A. "Numerical Simulation of Cavitation Phenomena in a Centrifugal Pump." Proceedings of the ASME 2009 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting. Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A, B and C. Vail, Colorado, USA. August 2–6, 2009. pp. 331-338. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2009-78303
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