To analyze in detail the coalescence mechanisms and validate modeling approaches, deterministic Lagrangian simulations of droplet trajectories (DPS) coupled with Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) of a Homogeneous Isotropic Turbulence (HIT) are performed. The influence of the colliding particle velocity correlations induced by the fluid turbulence on the rate of droplet coalescence is investigated for different particle inertia. The results are compared to predictions using the Direct Quadrature Method of Moments (DQMOM) accounting for coalescence. The particle diameter distribution is written as a summation of Dirac functions. This allows to derive Eulerian transport equations for the dispersed phase statistics, which account for coalescence and conserve the low-order moments of the particle size distribution. The collision terms are modeled applying the molecular chaos assumption in order to account for coalescence. Particle size distributions and moments obtained from DQMOM are compared to those of the DNS/DPS simulations in function of particle inertia.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.