Direct numerical simulations of particle-laden homogeneous isotropic turbulence are performed to characterize the collision rate as a function of different particle properties. The fluid behaviour is computed using a three-dimensional Lattice Boltzmann Method including a spectral forcing scheme to generate the turbulence field. Under assumption of mass points, the transport of spherical particles is modelled in a Lagrangian frame of reference. In the simulations the influence of the particle phase on the fluid flow is neglected. The detection and performance of inelastic interparticle collisions are based on a deterministic collision model. Different studies with monodisperse particles are considered. According to the executed simulations, particles with small Stokes number possess a collision rate similar to the prediction of Saffman and Turner , whereas particles with larger Stokes numbers behave similarly to the theory of Abrahamson .
Direct Numerical Simulations of Colliding Particles Suspended in Homogeneous Isotropic Turbulence
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Ernst, M, & Sommerfeld, M. "Direct Numerical Simulations of Colliding Particles Suspended in Homogeneous Isotropic Turbulence." Proceedings of the ASME 2009 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting. Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A, B and C. Vail, Colorado, USA. August 2–6, 2009. pp. 1865-1874. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2009-78072
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