Using the validated acoustic method of determining physical properties of porous materials, acoustical properties of the orthotropic medium is used to predict longitudinal and transverse permeability. Measurement of samples in the impedance tube is conducted using ASTM E 1050 for a frequency range of 50 Hz to 6.4 KHz. The acoustical method is shown to compute longitudinal and transverse permeability for various porosity levels. The method describes permeability prediction for carbon, glass and hybrid lay ups. Longitudinal permeability calculated from the absorption coefficient of sized and unsized fibers is found to be the same in contrast to the flow methods.
Permeability Measurement of Orthotropic Fibers Under an Acoustic Force Field
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Sharma, S, & Siginer, D. "Permeability Measurement of Orthotropic Fibers Under an Acoustic Force Field." Proceedings of the ASME 2009 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting. Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A, B and C. Vail, Colorado, USA. August 2–6, 2009. pp. 1231-1233. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2009-78567
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