For interface-tracking simulation of two-phase flows in various micro-fluidics devices, the applicability of two versions of Navier-Stokes phase-field method (NS-PFM) was examined, combining NS equations for a continuous fluid with a diffuse-interface model based on the van der Waals-Cahn-Hilliard free-energy theory. Through the numerical simulations, the following major findings were obtained: (1) The first version of NS-PFM gives good predictions of interfacial shapes and motions in an incompressible, isothermal two-phase fluid with high density ratio on solid surface with heterogeneous wettability. (2) The second version successfully captures liquid-vapor motions with heat and mass transfer across interfaces in phase change of a non-ideal fluid around the critical point.
Application of Interface-Tracking Method Based on Phase-Field Model to Numerical Analysis of Isothermal and Thermal Two-Phase Flows
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Takada, N. "Application of Interface-Tracking Method Based on Phase-Field Model to Numerical Analysis of Isothermal and Thermal Two-Phase Flows." Proceedings of the ASME/JSME 2007 5th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference. Volume 2: Fora, Parts A and B. San Diego, California, USA. July 30–August 2, 2007. pp. 341-346. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2007-37567
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