To prevent the warming global environment, the hydropower should occupy the attention of the electric power generation systems as clean and cool energy sources with the highest density. For the next leap in the hydroelectric power developments, however, we are under obligations to conserve natural ecosystems and/or to coexist with natures. To meet such circumstances, this paper proposes two kinds of the new type hydroelectric unit applicable to tidal currents, mountain torrents, rivers and/or water drain systems, and discusses the characteristics of the model turbine/unit.

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